Science-Feel the Force!

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Year 4 have spent the day exploring forces and friction as part of their feel the force day. They have ridden their bikes, scooters, skateboards etc around the school grounds to find out where it was easier or harder to move.

They then carried out investigations that explored how different surfaces affect how cars and smelly trainers can move and what forces there are acting on parachutes.

We are now going to make a film of our learning.

Here are some useful web links and films to find out more.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vZYwsAvHgVw

Bitesize Science

Science Clips

Physics for kids

Physics4kids

The Olaf Challenge!

My frozen ice cube buddies want to come to school, but they’re worried that they will melt in the hot classrooms!  Can you help them?

In your teams in class and over the next 2 weeks, we’d like you to design and make something which will keep Olaf’s ice cube buddies frozen for as long as possible.  You can use any materials you want, but it must be made by you, as a team!  If you need some ideas, you could look at the things you have at home which keep things cold.

  • Research which materials are better and why-use links on the blog, books, own knowledge, other’s knowledge
  • Test out your ideas
  • You need to present findings
  • Design and make your team’s invention
  • Be as creative as you like
  • Use your problem solving skills
  • Work as a team!

 

We will be holding a competition at the end of the 2 weeks to see which invention keeps the ice cubes the coolest!

Useful Links:-

BBC Science clips

Bitesize

What does a conductor do?

Insulating a beaker

Testing an ice cube

Suggestions for materials

How to make your own Thermos

The science behind a good thermos

Quiz

What materials are good cold insulators?

The Science:

Heat passes through some materials easily and these materials are called thermal conductors.

Metals usually feel cold to the touch. Metals are good thermal conductors, because heat passes through them quickly.

Heat does not pass through some material such as plastic, oven glove, thermal underwear, cork board and wood. These materials are called thermal insulators.

These thermal insulators are good for keeping heat out as well and in. Some examples of good insulators are – a thermos – keeps hot things hot and keeps cold things cold, cooler – keeps the heat out and keeps the inside cool, and a polystyrene cup keeps the heat in and keeps it hot.

Remember that a good insulator is a poor conductor. 

Insulators often contain pockets of trapped air like feathers on a bird and fur on animals to keep them warm. 

Heat loves to travel and will travel from a warmer material to a colder material. The heat will only travel from hot things to colder things and never the other way around.

Tudor Dance

On Tudor day the children will be performing their Tudor dances to their families. Here are the videos and/or music to their dances if they would like to practice what we have been doing at home.

Mrs Karia’s Class: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qUArsokq3UE (Up to 54 seconds)

Miss Dyke’s Class: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XUkwLeNi_YQ

Mrs Dowding’s Class:

(Audio only)

Many thanks,

Year 4 Team

Tudor Crime and Punishment

We will be starting a new research topic on Tudor Crime and Punishment which will then be presented as an information text in literacy. Get ahead and use the links and information here to start your research now!

WELCOME TO THE CRIME AND PUNISHMENT PAGE.

The Tudors period was a very religious time, and lots of Tudors had strong beliefs in right and wrong.  Here you can find out what crimes were committed and how the criminals were punished.

Beheading A punishment for rich and important people who had committed serious crimes (murder, speaking against the Royal family or speaking against the church).
Hanging A punishment against ordinary people who had committed serious crimes (murder, speaking against the Royal family or speaking against the church).
Burnt at the stake A punishment for women who had committed serious crimes (murder, speaking against the Royal family or speaking against the church).
Pillory/Stocks A punishment for small crimes including swearing and being homeless.
Brank A punishment for those who gossiped.
Whipping A punishment for stealing foods and other cheap items.
Limbs cut off A punishment for stealing more valuable and expensive items.
Drunkard’s cloak A punishment for walking around town while drunk.
Ducking stool Accused of being a witch.

 

Some useful weblinks:-

bbc bitesize

Primary facts

WITCHES

tudor-witch
People thought that some witches were bad because they had evil powers given to them by the devil. People thought they could hurt, or even kill people just by touching or staring at them. To see what people thought and to find out what witches did look like we can look at written sources. People said that witches killed or hurt farm animals and stopped cows from giving milk.

Some witches were hanged. Also witches were burned to death or put in prison. Sometimes they were put in a sack and thrown into the fire. Others were dunked in the river by the dunk chair. This is what happened when they dunked them in the water. If they floated they were a witch and they were executed. If they sank they were not a witch but it was too late as they were dead anyway. (anyway if they were innocent by the time they were pulled out, they were dead anyway).

As it was difficult to prove you were not a witch, even if you weren’t, people were terrified of being accused.

There was a lot of crime in Tudor times and also a lot of cruel punishments that were sometimes very unfair. In Tudor times the punishments were very, very cruel. Henry VIII used to execute people as a punishment, including two of his wives.

Extreme punishments.
Execution

hanging-of-the-pendle-witches

Execution was when you were killed. One of the punishments was being hanged. The prisoner had to walk up the ladder to his death. A piece of rope was put around their neck and the person would not be able to breathe. They would hang them from the rope until they had stopped breathing and were dead. Hanging was the punishment for a major crime such as stealing, you would be hanged in a big city. The gallows were a common punishment and people were hanged in the town squares mostly.

Rich people and nobles were usually beheaded not hanged.
Beheading was used for noblemen who would have been held at the Tower of London. They put them in the Tower of London and chopped their heads off with a axe. Beheading was called “Death by the Axe”. Treason was the worst crime, it was plotting to do something horrible to the king. The punishment for this crime was to chop off your head.

What sort of crimes were common?

Often the poorest people in a town or village struggled to feed themselves so they turned to crime to help.  Poor people who used to beg would get whipped for begging. (A whip was pieces of string that hit people very hard.)

One of the other punishments was the stocks. This was when you were put in a wooden trap and people then would throw rotten eggs and lots of smelly food at you. You could be put in the stocks for not wearing a hat on Sunday, and whipped for stealing a loaf of bread.

Gossip was also considered a crime and women who gossipped could be put in the Brank. The Brank held the tongue in place with sharp metal and would cut or bruise the mouth if the woman wearing it tried to speak.

the-brank

Public embarrassment was a large part of Tudor punishment, so you would see people being, whipped, flogged, beaten or put in the stocks in the middle of a busy market place.  Watching criminal be punished was a form of entertainment and many people would gather.

Click on the link for a Tudor Crime and Punishment Quiz

Tudor Clothes

tudor-shapes

We are currently researching all about what the Tudors would wear.

Here are some useful links:-

Rich and poor clothes

What did Tudors wear?

Men and women’s clothes

Dress rich Tudor men and women in clothes you design!

Tudor Clothes

Primary facts

Ladies of the Royal Court

What did the poor wear?

poor-tudor-clothes

  • Poor people needed clothes to keep warm. They wore any clothes they could find or were given.
    Usually the clothes were made of wool and were very simple.
    The colours were very dull and they were also very cheap.

 

Click on the link to see Horrible Histories transform a Tudor peasant into a Tudor Lord!

Tudor Underwear

farthingale

 

The Farthingale

Tudor Ladies had Lots of Different Underwear

They wore:

    • Smock or chemise –  a short shift worn under a dress
    • Stockings or hose – clothing for legs
    • Corset – a garment with bones in it, designed to tighten the waist
    • Bodice – a sleeveless vest tightly laced in front
    • Farthingale – a linen petticoat with whalebone hoops
    • Roll or Rowle – tied around the waist widening the skirt
    • Stomacher – a triangular-shaped fabric that holds the dress together
    • Petticoat – a long draw-string skirt
    • Kirtle –  an underskirt
    • Forepart – a very decorated underskirt
    • Partlet –  was a high necked top designed to cover a low-necked dress

It must have taken hours to get dressed!

Want to try for yourself?  Click here to play the Tudor Dressing Up game.

Henry VIII – the world’s best dressed monarch?

Henry VIII’s wardrobe featured some of the world’s richest clothes and jewellery.  Click on the link to find out more

 

Tudor Shoes

Tudor streets were not covered with tarmac.  When it rained, and especially in winter, the streets would turn to thick mud. Towns and cities were very unhealthy places.  There were no proper sewers (except in Bristol) and all kitchen and toilet waste was thrown into the streets where it lay in heaps at street corners. It was very hard to keep your feet clean and dry under these conditions.  Shoes were very rarely waterproof so rain, snow and mud, let alone the sewage lying around would have made getting about on foot very unpleasant.

pattens

Several types of overshoe were devised to raise the foot further above the ground; these were known as “Pattens”, wooden shoes with blocks underneath which gave extra height to the wearer.  They were designed to be slipped on over an ordinary shoe.  Pattens first appeared in the 14th century and by Tudor times were worn by everybody.  These were very plain, which suggests that they belonged to the poorer classes.  Those belonging to a wealthy person would probably have had some decoration on the leather.